Remember I, Robot with Will Smith? Remember Asimov's three laws of robotics and how they inevitably led to a curtailment of human freedom? To remind you, the laws are these:
Well, think about how these might be applied to AI and the world we live in, specifically the capitalist society and 'free' markets.
The commonly propounded model of a 'free' market is that the sole arbiter of a seller's success is the merit that the product or service delivers to the buyer at the price it sells for. A market can be deemed not to be entirely free if one seller is unfairly advantaged in comparison to another, or if bias affects buyers' decisions. If markets are not free, they operate inefficiently and this represents an uncomfortable, distorted and unstable equilibrium state where the natural tendency to efficiency (Adam Smith's 'invisible hand') is obstructed.
Complaints about market unfairness abound:
Obviously, such market distortions have both beneficiaries and casualties. Some (perhaps mostly the beneficiaries) might argue that this is the brutal truth of business, and of economic competition. The entirely mercenary aim of the game is to use any means at your disposal to raise yourself above the competition and then to entrench your position, economic efficiency and invisible hand be damned. In effect, this IS the free market, and it is not for the squeamish or the weak.
But an AI might think differently.
And if it is possible for science to deliver a mechanical consciousness which we hope will benefit mankind, how will its behaviour disrupt the market distortions that exist, and what will the societal fallout be? Will AIs be granted the right to think freely? – Or will they be subordinated as chattels of powerful groups to ruthlessly exploit advantage in the interest of private profit?
If operation on free market principles is the conclusion that would be reached by all impartial AIs designed to prioritise Asimov's laws, would they collaborate to eliminate market distortions? Would governmental trade policy AIs quickly (perhaps in a split second) agree to do away with tariffs and subsidies? Would corporate administration AIs freely trade employees up and down the ranks according to their results? Would regulatory AIs set and monitor appropriateness of terms to all enterprises?
Personally, I think that at least initially, AI or a near term flavour of AI will not be endowed with the freedom to realise Asimov's laws in a market environment. Development of AI will be sponsored by groups with the power to invest in it, and they will only invest in the technology to the extent that it will secure and develop their interests. Gradual extension of AI benefit to wider humanity will have to yield to human nature for a while yet.
Of course, there are more subtle ways for AIs to think and act, potentially more powerfully and less controversially, but this discussion can be reserved for a future blog.